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How to Install Ubuntu in VirtualBox Complete for Beginners

how to install ubuntu in virtualbox

VirtualBox can be used to try new OS (Operating System) without changing the OS that you are currently using, so if you have finished trying the new OS, you can immediately delete it without damaging the previous OS.

For example, you use a Windows OS, but you are curious about how to use Linux. Of course, you can use Linux on your laptop with VirtualBox software.

Ubuntu is one of Linux which is very popular and is equipped with UI (User Interface) which is friendly and quite easy to use, and quite reliable. Ubuntu is a Linux distribution based on Debian and has a desktop interface. The Ubuntu project is sponsored by Canonical Ltd (Mark Shuttleworth's company).

Before installing Ubuntu on VirtualBox, you must first download VirtualBox, click here to download it. Then, download an ISO Ubuntu desktop file that matches your laptop's specifications. If your laptop is a 64-bit version, then download the 64-bit version.

How to Install Ubuntu on VirtualBox

1. Open VirtualBox, then look at the left panel with a list of Virtual Machines. If you open the virtual box the first time, the panel is still empty. Click the New button to add a new Virtual Machine.


2. Then fill in the name of the virtual machine, type, and version of the OS that will be installed. Adjust to the specifications of your laptop, yes. Don't forget to click Next.


3. In the Memory Size section, you can adjust how much memory you want to use. Maximum memory is the memory installed on your laptop. Don't fill in too big so it can make your laptop a little slow because of the use of VirtualBox.



4. Then in the Hard Disk section, you can create a virtual hard disk.


5. There are many types of virtual hard disks, here we use VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image) which is the standard type used by VirtualBox.


6. Next, we choose physical storage on the hard disk. Here we use Dynamic Allocated.


7. Determine the name of your virtual hard disk now and its size. Don't forget to click Create


8. Virtual Machine has been created, now you just need to add the Ubuntu ISO file for first boot. Click settings and follow the next steps,


9. Click Storage, then in the IDE Controller section, click the CD icon on the right side of the menu. Look at the picture below.


10. Click Choose Disk to select the Ubuntu ISO file.


11. Select the .iso ubuntu file, then click Open. Customize your laptop version. If 32 bits, then choose 32 bits.


12. After the ISO file has been added successfully, don't forget to click OK.


13. Click the Start button to boot using the Virtual Machine that we have created. You will be greeted with a welcome screen with a choice of languages ​​and menus to try to use Ubuntu Live CD or install it directly. Here we choose to install ubuntu.

14. If you are connected to the internet and want to install graphics, wifi, mp3, and others, please check the second option, if not click continue.


15. On the "erase the disk and install ubuntu" menu, it will format your entire hard disk, and ubuntu will create a default partition. If you believe in this choice, you can click "Continue". Or choose Something else to determine the partition and allocation itself.

16. Here you can see a list of hard disks, / dev / sda means your first hard disk. Click the hard disk to install Ubuntu, then click New Partition Table.


17. After that, don't forget to click continue.


18. In the free space section, click the " + " button to create a new partition.


19. Here we will create a partition for swap. Remember to click OK.


20. After the swap partition has been successfully created, click the free space again and the " + " button to create a new partition. Here we will create a partition with the Ext4 format that will be used as the " / " root folder. Don't forget to click OK.


21. Next, click install now.


22. Click continue.


22. Select the time zone you want. Adjust to where you live. Then click continue.


23. Select the keyboard layout that matches your keyboard, then click continue.


24. Fill in the user details that will be used for the first login, then click continue.




25. Wait until the installation process is complete. After the installation process is complete, you can restart your computer to use Ubuntu that has been installed. Please enter with the username and password that was created earlier.

That's the explanation about how to install the ubuntu 16.04 desktop version. Now you can try it on each laptop without having to damage the Windows OS that you have. If you feel this tutorial is very useful for others, don't forget to share it using the share button. Thank you and good luck!
Aliif Arief
Aliif Arief web and app enthusiast

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